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India, known officially as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populated country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populated democracy in the world.
See the fact file below for more information about India?or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which contains over 10 worksheets and can be used in the classroom or homeschooling environment.
Capital: New Delhi
Population: 1.3 billion people
Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional socialist republic
Area: 3,287,263 sq. km
Currency: Indian rupee (INR)
Languages: No official language
- India is the second-most populous country in the world.
- India is a fast-growing economy, but still struggles with poverty, malnutrition, and corruption in its government.
History Of India:
- The Indus Valley was the first urban culture in South Asia, and flourished between 2500 and 1900 BCE.
- The cultural pockets of this region transitioned to the Iron Age between 2000-500 BCE.
- Recording the life of Buddha was important to the beginning of recorded history in India.
- During the Medieval age from 600 CE-1200 CE, India went through a period of cultural diversity and many regional kingdoms expanded.
- Under the Mughal Dynasty in India in the 16th century, India’s cultural and social groups gained recognition through their trade, as ewell as military experience.
- Groups of elites flourished, and when the Mughal Dynasty began to crumble, these elites were able to control their own affairs.
- Europeans had arrived in the 18th century and had set up costal and trade outposts.
- India began supplying the British with raw materials with which to trade. Many historians consider this to be the start of India’s colonial period.
- Technological changes to railways and canals marked India’s transition into their “modern period”, which occurred around 1850.
- After WWI, when approximately one million Indians served, Indian citizens, headed by Mohandas Gandhi, began a nonviolent movement calling for Indian independence.
- On August 15, 1947, India was granted independence from the British Empire.
- Economic liberalization has created a large middle class in India, which has made it one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
Geography Of India:
- India sits atop the Indian tectonic plate, and part of the Indo-Australian Plate, which makes it susceptible to earthquakes, landslides, and other natural disasters.
- Major rivers in India include the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, as well as the Yamuna and Kosi tributaries.
- The climate in India is influenced strongly by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. These are both what drive the summer and winter monsoons.
- The Himalayas prevent cold winds from blowing in, which keeps the majority of India warm.
- There are four major climatic groupings in India: tropical wet, tropical dry, subtropical humid, and montane.
- India is a megadiverse country, with about 21% of the landmass covered by forests.
- India has a wide spectrum of animals that are native to the country, including an abundance of farm animals such as cows, goats, chickens, and camels, but also more exotic animals such as tigers, Asiatic lions, snow leopards, elephants, and many others.
- India has over 120 national parks and over 500 wildlife sanctuaries.
- In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Preservation Act, which protects plants and animal species. They also launched “Project Tiger”, which is a tiger conservation program that was launched in 1973.
Culture & Economy Of India:
- India is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
- The majority of India’s economy comes from the service sector; however, there are many issues with the treatment and pay of the 513.7-million-worker labor force in India.
- Agricultural products that India exports include rice, wheat, tea, sugarcane, and potatoes.
- Major industries in India include textiles, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals,, machinery, and software, among others.
- Although India is experiencing a massive economic growth period, it still struggles with socio-economic challenges, including poverty, malnutrition, corruption, slavery, and child labor.
- Hindi is the official language of the government, although English is used extensively in business and administration.
- India is known for being very religiously diverse. Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, and Jainism are among the nation’s religions.
- The earliest writing in India was written in the Sanskrit language.
- Indian music ranges depending on the regional style and traditions in the area.
- The Indian film industry produces the world’s most-watched cinema.
- Staple foods in India include pearl millet, rice, whole-wheat flour, lentils, urad, and various spices.
- Family values are very important in the Indian tradition, and many Indians have their marriages arranged. There is a low divorce rate.
- Popular sports in India include cricket, field hockey, tennis, and various indigenous sports.
- There are many religious-oriented festivals in India, including Diwali, Thai Pongal, and Eid ul-Fitr.
This bundle contains 11?ready-to-use India Worksheets?that are perfect for students?who want to learn more about India, known officially as the Republic of India, which is a country in South Asia.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- India Facts.
- India Wordsearch.
- Cuisine of India.
- Postcard from India.
- Animals of India.
- India Crossword.
- The Taj Mahal.
- Map of India.
- Fact or Myth?
- Animals in India.
- Opinion Paragraph
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